Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a silent, painless disease, and most adults are unaware they have it if they don’t visit a dental office regularly.
Gum disease is a major cause of tooth loss.It starts with a film of bacteria, called plaque, which irritates the gums. Even if you brush and floss daily, some plaque will remain. This plaque hardens to form calculus, or tartar, which, if not removed, will continue to build up on the teeth and below the gumline. This tartar build-up destroys the tissues that attach the gums to the teeth. As gum disease progresses untreated, it will eventually attack the jawbone itself.
Tartar can only be removed by regularly visiting your dentist and dental hygienist.